Active & Passive Voice

Active and Passive Voice Rules for Simple Present Tense

Active VoicePassive Voice (Auxiliary Verb – is/am/are)
Subject + V1+s/es+ objectObject+ is/am/are+ V3+ by + subject
Subject + Do/does+ not + V1 + ObjectObject + is/am/are+ not + V3+ by Subject
Does+ Subject+ V1+Object+?Is/am/are + Object+ V3+ by subject +?

Example

Active VoicePassive Voice
He reads a novel.A novel is read by him.
He does not cook food.Food is not cooked by him.
Does he purchase books?Are books purchased by him?
They grow plants.Plants are grown by them.
She teaches me.I am taught by her.
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